The human crystalline lens, which is clear and transparent, is part of the focusing mechanism of the eye. With age, the lens becomes cloudy and opaque, thereby hampering normal vision. Any opacity in the crystalline lens, which leads to decreased vision, is cataract.

CAUSES OF CATARACT

Ageing is the most common cause. With age, proteins of the eye lens get altered and opacified leading to cataract. Other causes include congenital and developmental anomalies, trauma, inflammation of the eye, metabolic diseases like Diabetes, Hypothyroidism etc.,

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF CATARACT?

  • Blurred Vision
  • Sensitivity to bright lamps or sunlight
  • Poor night vision
  • Difficulty in driving especially at night
  • Frequent changes in eye glass prescription

WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS AVAILABLE?

Surgery is the only course of treatment for cataract. There are two options available for cataract surgery.

SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY

  • Injections are given near the eye
  • Requires a bigger incision
  • The cataractous lens is removed in one piece
  • A hard plastic intraocular lens is implanted
  • Final glass prescription could take even upto 1 month

MICROINCISION CATARACT SURGERY (PHACOEMULSIFICATION)

  • Requires a very small incision of 1.5 - 2.8mm
  • Cataract Extraction with Phacoemulsification is followed by foldable lens implantation
  • Walk-in Walk-out procedure
  • Stitchless, bloodless, painless surgery
  • Chances of infection are very low
  • Minimum post surgery precautions
  • Quicker healing and recovery

VISUAL REHABILITATION

In some cases, the patient is able to see almost immediately following the surgery, although most patients experience clear vision after one or two days

NEED FOR GLASSES AFTER SURGERY

You may need to wear glasses only to fine -tune your vision. These spectacles have normal lenses unlike thick lenses used in the past. If unifocal IOL is used, near vision glasses are almost always required.

ACTIVITIES TO BE RESTRICTED AFTER SURGERY

Normal activities including reading, writing, watching television etc. may be resumed soon after the surgery. However, during the first week after the surgery, it is better to avoid strenuous activities & avoid exposing the eye to water or dust.

DURATION OF THE PROCEDURE

With the advanced technique of the cataract surgery, removal of the cataract takes just about 2-5 minutes and the entire procedure would take about 15 minutes.

MULTIFOCAL IOL/ACCOMMODATIVE IOL :

The regular intraocular lenses are designed for distance vision. After cataract surgery patient has to wear glasses for reading. The latest multifocal IOLs are designed to provide good distance vision, intermediate and near vision. They reduce the patient's dependence on glasses for routine activities. Unlike conventional IOL it has multiple zones of different focal lengths that bring everything from near to far into clear focus. These lenses can be used only for suitable patients.

We have specialists who are experienced with latest technique of phacoemulsification with foldable IOL implantation.